Drawing from theoretical and empirically based literature, as well as the author’s own field research, this article compares the relationship between symbolic urban spaces and collective memory in the cities of Nagoya and Hiroshima. Focusing on each city’s historic castle, as well as Hiroshima Peace Park, this study argues that the relationship between symbolic spaces and collective memory in Nagoya has created a Foucaultian counter-memory in the city. This counter-memory has been cultivated by what Foucault called a new ‘economy’ of power and what Giddens termed internal pacification. On the other hand, remembrance in Hiroshima has been socially constructed primarily by a combination of selective amnesia (Simmel), Japanese-style relativism (Reischauer), and Japanese pragmatism derived from its traditionally close-knit communities (Dore). These findings also reconfirm the theories of Maurice Halbwachs, who claimed that collective memory was a localized phenomenon, socially constructed within a particular political-economic context. These conclusions also run contrary to the accepted theories in the Western scholarship that Japanese society is devoid of regional differentiation.
A. J. Jacobs, Ph.D. is Associate Professor in East Carolina University’s Department of Sociology. He has published more than 30 scholarly articles, chapters, and books on urban and regional development in Japan, North America, and Europe. He is currently a visiting fellow at Brussels Centre for Urban Studies and was both a foreign scholars fellow and visiting Associate Professor in the Business School at Hosei University in Tokyo.
Institut für Ostasienwissenschaften – Japanologie
UniversitätsCampus, Hof 2, Eingang 2.4
Donnerstag, 6. April 2017, 18:30